InCA: Interfaces on Computers for Animals

coevolutiontheory.jpg

The group INteracciones Computacionales con Animales (INCA) develop applications for non human animals on digital devices, in collaboration with researchers in "Comparative Psychology" and "Animal Computer Interaction" (ACI), with the objectives to 1) support the study of the sensory and cognitive abilities of such animals, always in a way which respect their well-being; and to 2) support the human guardians of such animals to entertain, stimulate, train or teach to the subjects.

1. Objectives

1.1. Short Term

In the short term, assuming a relatively stable environment, the InCALab project aims to automatize and improve various experiments in Comparative Psychology, hopefully so that they can be performed at much larger scales than previously, with higher quality.

1.2. Long tem

In the longer term, anticipating a (fast) derive of climate in various regions of the globe, cumulated with a situation of lower availability of energy, the InCALab project aims to promote the design of new synergistic relation between human and non human animals, by not only improving the communication between those but also suggesting new means for such communication, in such ways that can be transmitted semi-automatically to future (human and non human) generations.

2. Participants

2.1. Humans

2.1.1. Active

Name Level From Main Application Theme
Jérémy Barbay Researcher 2012 InCa What is More Masked Comparative Testing
Fabian Jaña CS Engineering Thesis [2022-04-11 Mon] InCa What is More Adaptive Difficulty
Cristobal Sepulveda CS Master [2022-04-18 Mon] InCa Backend Central Backend and Semi-Automatized Analysis
Camila Labarca CS Intern [2022-06-30 Thu] InCA ComBoard Logable Communication Board
Dankos Lobos CS Intern [2022-08-02 Tue] InCA Pop Ethical study of IN-abilities
Giovanni Castiglioni Electrical Intern [2022-08-02 Tue] InCA-ActiveFloor Touch Interface via Computer Vision

2.1.2. Past

Name Level From To Application Theme
Erick Lemus Engineering Thesis [2021-04-22 Thu] [2022-05-16 Mon] InCA Matching and InCA Memory Animal Memory Models
Patricio López Taulis Engineering Thesis [2021-04-22 Thu] [2022-05-04 Wed] InCA Which One Is Masked Associative Testing
Bryan Riveros Engineering Thesis [2021-04-16 Fri] [2022-04-20 Wed] InCA Train Spaced Repetition

2.2. Non Human

2.2.1. Active

Name Gender Species Birth date
Lorenzo Male Quacker Parrot 2016
Tina Female Quacker Parrot 2018
Number Two Male Chicken 2022
Roussette Female Chicken 2022
Negrita Female Chicken 2022

3. Projects

3.1. In Preparation

InCA-SymbolicVsNumeric
An application to compare the answering time of individuals from various species (including humans) to select the largest of 2,3,4 or 5 values when they are represented by symbols (written digits or symmetric, fixed, dot configuration such as on the face of a dice) or numerically (by a set of dots in random positions).
InCA-ActiveFloor
An interface extending the possibilities of touch screens to larger non human animals, via a combination of video projection and computer vision.
InCA-Pop
Loggable "Pop the balloon" application, to extend the study of discriminating abilities started with InCA-WhatIsMore to the study of discriminating INabilities in a ethic way.
InCA ComBoard
Developping Loggable Hardware and Digital Comunication Board for Non Humans to be able to comunicate and researcher to analize their communications (Inspired by https://www.hungerforwords.com/ and https://how.theycantalk.org/).
InCA Backend
A central back-end for various applications to gather the usage logs in a website, in order to researchers in Comparative Psychology to select and study them.

3.2. Active

InCA What is More
A simple application for Masked Comparative Testing, presenting the user with a small amount (e.g. 2 to 4) quantities (e.g. two dice faces, or two recibients filled with a liquid) and requesting to select the largest one, detecting which one is touched on the touch interface, and indicates by visual, sound and/or vibration if correct or wrong, and storing in a log all the details of the sequence of interactions. (gitlab,server)

3.3. Paused

InCA Which One Is
A simple application for Masked Associative Testing, presenting the user with a verbal prompt (e.g. "tea") and choices (e.g. letters "T" and "L"), detecting which one is touched on the touch interface, and indicates by visual, sound and/or vibration if correct or wrong, and storing in a log all the details of the sequence of interactions.
InCA Memory
A version of the Memory game especially designed for non human animals, as requested by Jennifer Cunha.
InCA Train
A kind of Duo Lingo to teach non human animals (e.g. dogs) with directed acyclic graph defining the order in which skills should be learned (i.e. clicker before sit before wait before fetch) and spaced repetition (i.e. to help scheduling the exercises and reinforcements).

3.3.1. Waiting for volunteers

InCA Music
a music app specially designed for small animals, with features such as
  • unlock via volume keys (easier for humans than small animals)
  • size of piano keyboard configurable but locked
  • Visual indication of which note to play
  • mode "teaching melodies" for advanced lessons.
  • Transmission of the log of interactions to a central server.

4. Medias

4.2. About specific projects

4.2.1. InCA-WhatIsMore

5. Publications

5.1. "Measuring Discrimination Abilities Througha Digital Life Enrichment Application" Accepted for presentation at ACI2022!

5.1.1. Authors

  • Jérémy Barbay
  • Fabián Jaña-Ubal
  • Cristóbal Sepulveda-Álvarez

5.1.3. Human Reference

Measuring Discrimination Abilities of Monk Parakeets Between Discreet and Continuous Quantities Through a Digital Life Enrichment Application, by Jérémy Barbay, Fabián Jaña-Ubal, Cristóbal Sepulveda-Álvarez (2022)

5.1.4. Bibtex entries

@InProceedings{2022-ACI-MeasuringDiscriminationOfMonkParakeetsBetweenDiscreetAndContinuousQuantitiesThroughADigitalLifeEnrichmentApplication-BarbayJanaSepulveda,
	author = {\correspondingAuthor{J{\'e}r{\'e}my Barbay} and \student{Fabi{\'a}n Ja{\~n}a-Ubal} and \student{Crist{\'o}bal Sepulveda-{\'A}lvarez}},
	keywords = {Other Computer Science (cs.OH), FOS: Computer and information sciences, FOS: Computer and information sciences},
	title = {Measuring Discrimination Abilities of Monk Parakeets Between Discreet and Continuous Quantities Through a Digital Life Enrichment Application},
 pages = {to appear},
	booktitle = aci,
 publisher = {ACM Digital Library},
 address = {Association for Computing Machinery 1601 Broadway, 10th Floor New York, NY},
	year = {2022},
      }

 @misc{2022-ARXIV-MeasuringDiscriminationOfMonkParakeetsBetweenDiscreetAndContinuousQuantitiesThroughADigitalLifeEnrichmentApplication-BarbayJanaSepulveda,
	doi = {10.48550/ARXIV.2206.00734},
	url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2206.00734},
	author = {\correspondingAuthor{
      J{\'e}r{\'e}my Barbay} and \student{Fabi{\'a}n Ja{\~n}a-Ubal} and \student{Crist{\'o}bal Sepulveda-{\'A}lvarez}},
	keywords = {Other Computer Science (cs.OH), FOS: Computer and information sciences, FOS: Computer and information sciences},
	title = {Measuring Discrimination Abilities of Monk Parakeets Between Discreet and Continuous Quantities Through a Digital Life Enrichment Application},
	year = {2022},
	copyright = {Creative Commons Zero v1.0 Universal}
      }

6. Equipment

6.1. Living and training spaces

Name Sun Exposition superficia altura Fecha de creacion
    (m2) (m)  
Laboratory indoor 3x1 2 Febrero 2019
North-East shady outdoor 3x1 2 Marzo 2020
North-West shady outdoor 3x1 2 Marzo 2020
South sun/shade outdoor 3x6=18 2 Marzo 2021

6.2. Paper devices

  • Leitner box with
    • >20 carton cards indicating which exercise to train
    • Two rows (one for each subject)
    • 5 boxes of increasing frequency categories in each row and
    • one paper wheel indicating which frequency to train on a specific day.

6.3. Digital Devices

6.3.1. Touch screens

Name Type Brand Surface Active Source
      (cm2)  
Red Smartphone Samsung Galaxy Note 9 15x7 J….y B….y
Grey Smartphone Samsung Galaxy Note 9 15x7 J….y B….y
Nexus Smartphone Samsun Nexus One 8x5 J….y B….y
Big Tablet Tablet Samsung Galaxy Tab A 16x12 Vanessa P. Araya

6.3.2. Keyboards

Name Description Brand Surface Active Source
      (cm2) (Donated/Bought by)
Recordable Answer Buzzers (4) Recordable Buttons Learning Resources 4*(9x9) J….y B….y
Fluent Pet Buttons (6) and pads (3) Recordable Buttons Fluent Pet 6*(3x3) J….y B….y
BigKeys 1.0 USB Keyboard with large keys Goma Hevea Home Made 6*(4x4) Sistemas DCC
BigKeys 2.0 USB Keyboard with large keys Poly Carbonate Home Made 8*(5x5) Electro Systems

6.4. Physical Training toys

Name Exercises associated
Basket ball court with 2 hoops "Play Basket", Clean Up
High Basket ball hoop "Play Basket"
Low Basket ball hoop "Play Basket"
Set of small dices in green recipient "Play Basket", "Fetch"
Metal Piggy Banks for sorting coins (4) "Sort the coins"
Set of cards "Memorice Plus" "Which one is"
Row of four closed wood boxes "Where is the Key?"
Bag of scrabble letters "Give me X letters" (X= "one", "two" or "three"), "Clean up"
Tower of rainbow colored rings "Build the tower"
Jenga blocks, uniform "Play Jenga"
Jenga blocks, colored "Fetch COLOR X"
 

7. Group history

  • 2012-2015
  • 2016:
    • Rescue of two (male) lovebirds, Prudent and Crazy
    • Adoption of first Quacker parrot, Lorenzo
    • beginning of experimentations with Leitner boxes
  • 2017:
    • Adoption of second Quacker parrot, Ela
    • development of the concept of "Psycho Informatics"
    • Connection with members of the ACI (Animal Computer Interface) community
  • 2018:
    • Escape of lovebird Crazy
    • passing away of Ela
    • Adoption of third quacker parrot, Tina
    • Adoption of third lovebird, Blanco
  • 2019:
    • Donation of Blanco and Prudent to a Breeding/Rescue center for parrots
    • acquisition of laboratory site and construction of first aviary (6 m3)
  • 2020:
    • construction of second aviary (2*6 m3)
  • 2021:
    • construction of third aviary (18 m3)
    • Recruiting of first 3 students in ACI
    • Oficial declaration of the group "InCA" to the depatment
    • Interview of student Bryan Riveros about InCA-Train for the podcast of the DCC
  • 2022:
    • Graduation (Trabajo de Titulo) of 3 first students in ACI
    • first formal results https://arxiv.org/abs/2206.00734
    • First Magister Student!
    • [2022-07-28 Thu] first article accepted at a conference ACI2022
    • [2022-08-11 Thu] purchase and configuration of domain name https://incalab.cl (to celebrate the article accepted)
    • [2022-08-02 Tue] first seminar of the group InCA.
    • [2022-08-08 Mon] first contact with a laboratory in Ethology
    • [2022-12-07 Wed] presentation at conference ACI2022
    • [2022-12-09 Fri] presentation at seminar of Ethology Research group

8. Photos

hotspots.jpg

algorithme.jpg

Author: Jérémy Barbay

Created: 2022-08-11 Thu 15:07

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